Classic Allergies: An Overview
Today seems as good a day as any to give readers an overview of classic allergic diseases and illnesses. You may suffer from allergies, and if you do not the chances are someone in your family, workplace or social grouping does. He or she will be the sniffily one in the corner – the one who, come springtime, is always armed with tissues or a hankie and is always blowing his or her nose. He/she might have skin sensitivities or rashes or might have to be careful around diet and particular foods.
With classic allergies, the body stimulates the mast cells and basophils of the body to release damaging chemical mediators that in turn create the problem.
There are 4 main types of allergens and these are divided up in terms of ingestion type:
- Ingestants (food allergens that are eaten)
- Inhalants (breathed in)
- Contactants (contact with skin)
- Injectants (bee stings or antibiotics or other substances that are injected into the skin)
The main allergic illnesses that affect people are:
- Hay fever – is aggravated by pollen grains. The mast cells in the eyes ad nose respond to the proteins in the outer case of the pollen and the mediators that are released then cause watery and itchy eyes and congested nose.
- Perennial rhinitis – Perennial rhinitis is hay fever that occurs continuously without respite. These allergy sufferers are on the extreme end of the continuum and are most likely allergic to household dust or mould spores that are always in the air. Like ordinary hay fever sufferers their symptoms may also include conjunctivitis. Perennial rhinitis can also lead to glue ear and middle ear infections in children.
- Asthma-is caused by the same inhalants that cause rhinitis but they affect the bronchi and inflame the membranes lining these bronchial tubes and cause them to contract.
- Urticaria – or Hives as they are commonly known occur when mast cells in the outer layer of the skin degranulate and the serum from the blood leaks into the skin to cause the hives. This is also related to fluid retention.
- Atopic eczema – occurs in children and may continue on into adulthood. It frequently occurs in individuals who also experience asthma.
- Immediate-onset food allergy – This type of food allergy occurs when an individual consumes a type of food and then experiences immediate symptoms and even anaphylactic shock.
Management and Treatment
Dieticians, nutritionists and naturopaths always advise that allergic individuals manage their conditions and stay away from offending allergens. A good naturopath will do a full health check and also advise the patient on immune boosting solutions and natural remedies that can strengthen the body and its tendency to react.
IF you suffer allergies, consider using natural products or a natural remedy that is sourced after thorough advice from health care practitioners.